Guangzhou is one with a long history of 2,200 years of cultural relics. As early as the 9th century BC, the Zhou Dynasty, where the "Baiyue" and the middle reaches of the Yangtze River from the state of Chu people have been built there, "Chu Ting", which is the first name of Guangzhou. Qin Shihuang's 33 (214 BC) built the South China Sea after the reunification of the Lingnan County (Junzhi in "Panyu", that is, today's Guangzhou). AD 226, Sun Quan order to facilitate the rule, the state will pay the state pay into two parts and Guangzhou, "Guangzhou" hence the name. City Hall set up until 1921, only refers specifically to the city of Guangzhou.
Guangzhou is the prosperous city when the Qin and Han dynasties, is at sea since the Han and Tang Dynasties "Silk Road" of Hong Kong origin, the Qing dynasty when China is the sole opening of the port, is also China's first foreign Tongshangkouan.
Guangzhou is a modern revolution in modern China and the source. Anti-British Sanyuanli famous people struggle, Huanghuagang Uprising, both in Guangzhou Uprising in Guangzhou. Sun Yat-sen founded in Guangzhou Huangpu Military Academy, established a regime three times. Mao Zedong founded here by the peasant movement workshops, training a large number of backbone of the revolution. Zhang Tailei, Ye Ting, Ye Jianying, and so here the dynamic leadership of the Guangzhou Uprising, and the establishment of the Guangzhou Soviet regime, "The Guangzhou Corporation". Lu Xun, Guo Moruo, Yu Dafu, such as Guangzhou have to spread advanced culture.
In 1982 the State Council announced that the ancient city of Guangzhou for the state historical and cultural city.
Sheep City legend
Guangzhou, also known as the "Five Sheep City", "Spike City." Guangzhou alias on a beautiful story, the legend of Guangzhou in recent years when the Zhou dynasty Famine, Minbuliaosheng. Day five of color over the South China Sea Piaolai Xiangyun, riding on the five immortal cents sheep, the sheep population cents Xianzhao colored rice. Rice for giving the people of the immortal, and bless this place never famine. Immortal left, five cents sheep because of human attachment and stay, bless local Fengtiaoyushun. Thank the people for five immortal, they fall in the local construction of a "Five Cents Concept" of five cents in the statue, accompanied by the Wuyang stone statue. This legend was the 2010 Guangzhou Asian Games mascot of the application.
Guangzhou's many cultural relics. Existing national, provincial and municipal heritage preservation three total 219 units, including key national heritage preservation unit 19, 41 provincial heritage conservation units, 159 units municipal heritage preservation. Zhongshan four-way along the Qin and Han dynasties have discovered that the South Vietnamese shipbuilding sites and the Palais des Nations Department sites, which South Vietnamese State Department of Palais des sites twice was named "National Top Ten Archaeological discoveries". At present, the South Vietnamese State Department of Palais site, Wang Mu South Vietnam, South Vietnam, and other sites of the three locks of the Historic South Vietnam are joint declaration of the United Nations World Heritage Site.